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sexual (adjective; opposite: asexual) – generative, procreating; employing sexual mechanisms like meiosis (reduction division), the formation of gametes and fertilization to exchange and re-combine genetic material to produce offspring that belongs to a genetically distinct, new generation. Sexual processes in fungi are often complex, fertilization usually separated into two spatially and temporary distinct processes, i. e., fusion of the cytoplasm (plasmogamy) typically occurs much earlier than mating of sexual nuclei (karyogamy). Thus, haploid, sexual nuclei often persist independently within the same cell for a prolonged period of time; each individual cell is also referred to as dikaryon.

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