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erect (adjective) – growing upright, i. e., rising vertically from the substrate or surface; growing away from the substrate and oriented towards the perpendicular (straight, not curved or bent); as applied to the overall growth form of a thallus or to its subunits like lobes or branches; applied both to foliose as well as fruticose thalli, e. g., (1) an erect foliose thallus has lobes predominantly growing upright, the entire thallus thus resembling a fruticose thallus with wide, distinctly flattened branches; (2) an upright fruticose thallus, i. e., not pendulous, but with stout branches, "shrubby", rising vertically from the substrate or surface (straight, not curved up).

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